There are two main types of lung cancer: small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and treatment options vary depending on the type of lung cancer. Some common symptoms include a persistent cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, and wheezing.
The risk of developing lung cancer increases with age, and the majority of cases are diagnosed in individuals over the age of 60. Early detection can improve the chances of survival, and regular screening is recommended for individuals who are at high risk.
Dr Catherine Nyongesa, a respected oncologist and founder and Chief Executive Officer of Texas Cancer Center advises:
“There’s no sure way to prevent lung cancer, but you can reduce your risk if you:
- Don’t smoke. If you’ve never smoked, don’t start.
- Stop smoking. Stop smoking now.
- Avoid secondhand smoke.”